Understanding the five leading learning and attention issues

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Does your child struggle with attention, reading, math, writing or coordination? It could be due to learning and attention issues. Read about five of the most common learning and attention issues here.

1. ADHD: More Than Moving Fast

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) affects around 10 percent of kids between ages 3 and 17. ADHD makes it hard for kids to sit still, concentrate, focus and control impulses. This isn’t because kids with ADHD are lazy. While the exact cause of ADHD isn’t known, research shows that genetics, differences in brain development and problems with brain chemicals (neurotransmitters) could be involved.

If you think your child is showing signs of ADHD, here are some ideas of what you can do next.

2. Dyslexia: The Best-Known Learning Issue

Dyslexia is the most recognized learning issue. Roughly one in five children show symptoms of this brain-based condition. It’s sometimes referred to as a “reading disability,” but it can affect more than reading skills. Dyslexia can make writing, spelling, speaking and even socializing difficult.

The good news is that dyslexia is well researched. If your child shows signs of dyslexia, there are many ways to help at home and school.

3. Dyscalculia: More Than Math Anxiety

Dyscalculia is sometimes called “mathematics learning disorder” or “math dyslexia.” Many kids (and adults) have anxiety about math. But dyscalculia is not the same thing as math anxiety. Roughly 6 percent of school-age kids may have dyscalculia—ongoing trouble understanding and working with numbers and math concepts. Researchers know less about dyscalculia than they know about other learning issues. However, research is being done into the causes of dyscalculia. If your child is having trouble with math, take a look at these signs of dyscalculia. There are resources and strategies available to help your child at home and school.

4. Dysgraphia: Wrestling With Writing

Dysgraphia affects writing skills. Researchers think the way the brain processes information and translates it to symbols plays a role in dysgraphia. Kids with dysgraphia may have messy handwriting as well as trouble holding a pencil, drawing and forming letters. They may also struggle to organize their thoughts and express them using proper sentence structure. Is your child showing signs of dysgraphia? if so, there are many ways to help him.

5. Dyspraxia: Trouble With Motor Skills

Dyspraxia affects a child’s ability to plan and coordinate physical movement. This is due to how the brain processes “messages” from the muscles. It isn’t due to muscle weakness. Roughly one in 10 kids have some symptoms of dyspraxia, such as clumsiness, trouble speaking or difficulty with tasks that require the use of more than one movement. If you think your child might have dyspraxia, explore these ways to help

If you think your child is showing signs of ADHD, here are some ideas of what you can do next.